If we have come up with a more precise feminist theoretical
framework combining Marxian/Hegelian dialectical materialist
approach and the historical approach, then we can say
we are ready to test whether these theoretical framework
wherein which we could operationalize it in the real world.
Recognizing the importance of women we will see how the
importance of the role of women has grown in proportion
to the social, political and intellectual arena at the
globalized economy in the 2nd hald of the 21st century.
We would like to see what would be the most likely trends
in the next 25 years after tracing back the women’s accomplishments
in business, politics, science and education since the
time of the classical feminist movements up to the contemporary
the marxist approach we could trace the issues and problems
on women since earliest in the feudalist system with special
interest in the evolution of the kinship system up to
the modern stage of economic development. How it emerged
to the familial system in modern times up to the differentiation
of the state and the economy in the capitalist system
and how gender relations came into play given these sytems
of social organizations and relations to state the position
of the feminist worldview.
This thesis posits that perhaps Marx would just subsume
these above mentioned activities in question under the
heading of “productive forces”. However since the purpose
of this research work is about drawing up the problems
of the women and the issues involved in our society now
given a global economic world, we would like to establish
and clarify where should theories on feminism lie and
what space in the great social theories should this fall
into in unison with marx’s nalytical writings on social
organizations and social relations.
Upon doing this we would like to present what are the
contemporary issues that are now seen involved in this
globalized economy. What’s happening right now with the
women’s movements up to the third wave feminist movements
to prove or put forward the point that women are equal
partners of the society and see what better ways are there
to recommend to effect changes to the society to move
forward the full emancipation of women not subordinate
the men but to prove to be equal partners in the society
and that indeed women actually hold half the sky in the
productive processes taking palce in a globalized economy.
The Marxist-Feminsit Theoretical Approach
employ the the dialectical amterialist approach of Marx
on social organizations and relations but we will incorporate
the feminist,historical and functional approaches as well.
1. The basic premise of Marx is the dialectical materialist
framework. That the basic organization of life starts
from the substructure called the modes of production that
before anything else comes-food, clothing, shelter, there
must be the actual production of these material things
and these varies with various stages of production in
2. The The writings of Marx would start from the dialectics
of on one hand the substructure (the economic platform)and
on the other hand the superstructure (or the social, political
and intellectual platforms). That the material or the
being comes before the mental or the consciousness. However,
unlike the Hegelian dialectics, there is interaction taking
place between the material (the biological, the natural
and the environmental aspects ) and the mental or the
3. The Historical Context – To use the historical context
we can now track down the different modes of production
like nursing and child rearing usually associated with
the work of women traditionally.It is ambiguous that Marx
should include them in the productive forces that make
up the economic structure of society. What our feminists
sugggest are that maybe, Marx just subsumed these types
of economic activities in question in the feudal stage
or mode of production but however overlooked the discussion
on the kinship system as force of production found in
the feudlistic types of societies. Here at this stage,
take note that there is no clear dichotomy between the
economic life and the state but actually these two aspects
act in unison and no real differentiation of activities
or instittutions which determines a particularly different
social relations (as compared to the highly differentiated
“division of labor “ found in market economies.
5. What the feminist thinkers propose to do is to look
at close contact the kinship system starting from the
feudalist mode to have a close look at the issues of gender
relations or the women. Using the dialectical materialist
approach and the historical context, we look at these
social relations from the kinship system up to the time
of the globalized market economy to dig out the relevant
issues of the women’s problems and find out what would
be the practicable solutions in the long run.
6. To do this is to prove or disprove what our general
findings are going to be using this approach and check
with the real cases in the real world from the historical
point of view of the past and to relate them if there
is or there is not in the contemporary time to focus on
the social, political and intellectual life citing real
and documented references from library research and interview.
Using the dialectical materialist and the historical approach,
we will analyze the various persuasions of the feminist
movements from the classical feminist worldview and/or
movement t o the social democratic movemenmt to the modern
movements of the second wave up to the third wave and
how has these movements helped achieve the place of the
women in society or in the world’s maps as a force to
The Theoretical Framework
A. The Marxist Foundation of the Feminist Approach
1. The dialectic materialist approach or the cross-culture
2. The historical approach
B. The Marxist-Feminist Approach
1. The Kinship System
2. The Familial System
3. The State and the Economy
II. The Different Stages of the Feminist Movement-a Historical
A. The First Feminists
B. Feminism and Social Democracy
C.Modern Feminism-second wave
D. The Third Wave
III. Trends of the Women’s Roles in the Productive Front
in Contemporary Society
B. Political Life
IV. Projecting Trends in on Women’s Accomplishments (in
business, politics, science/technology/education) and
the Women’s Movements in the next 25 years
Internet and Library Research.
As we have discussed above, the purpose of this thesis
would be to see where the women’s issues have gone through
time as far as the feminist movement goes. We will select
the sector or area in the society’s activities where the
social, political and intellectual life is at its peak.
We will assess these developments on women in comaprison
to the various milestones of the feminsit movements way
back f rom the time of Rosa Park up to the time of Anita
tracking down the major milestones of the women’s movements
we are going to make intelligent projections of what it
is to be expected as far as the the women and women’s
movements are concerned at least for the next 25 years.
B.Interview with key personalities and figures on the
current trends of women in the contemporary society. We
will come up with key questions to selected respondents.
Since it will be taxing to interview let’s say Sen. Hilary
Clinton we may select key persons in business, politics,science,
technology and education who may be readily available
1. Friedan, Betty. The Sexual Solipsism of Sigmund Freud
in the Feminine Mystique. Chapter 6. NY: 1963.
2. Nicholas, Linda. The Contemporary Women’s Movements
in Gender and History. Chapter 1. Columbia University:
3. Nicholas, Linda. The Theoretical Separation of the
Domestic and the Economy. Ibid.
4. Blunden, Andy,ed. Simone de Beavoir’s The Second Sex.Penguin
5. Marx, Karl. A Critique of the German Ideology. Online
Version marx?Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org) 2000.
6. Marx, Karl. A Critique on the Political economy. Ibid.(www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1859/critique-pol-economy/preface-abs.htm)
7. Firestone,Shulamith. The Dialectic of Sex. Chapter
1. The Women’s Press: 1979.(www.marxists.org/subject/women/authors/firestone-shulamith/dialectic-sex.htm)
8. Walker, Rebecca.To BE Real:Telling the Truth and Changing
the Face of Feminism. Anchor: 1995.
9. Millet, kate. The Sexual Politics.Chapter 2. 1968.
10. ‘Reciprocal Bases of National Culture and the Fight
for Freedom” in Wretched of the Earth.Pelican: 1959.
11. Horowitz, Daniel.”Rethinking Betty Friedanand the
Feminine Mystique:Labor Union Radicalism and feminism
in Cold War America.”American Quartrly,Vol. 48.No.1. Mar.
96, pp. 1-42.